Books All The Sources of Increased Efficiency: A Study of DuPont Rayon Plants The Economics of Adam Smith The Economics of David Ricardo The Economics of John Stuart Mill Volume I, Theory and Method The Economics of John Stuart Mill Volume II, Political Economy The Economics of Thomas Robert Malthus Classical Economics Ricardo – The New View The Literature of Political Economy John Stuart Mill on Economic Theory and Method Jean-Baptiste Say and the Classical Canon in Economics: The British Connection in French Classicism The Economics of Karl Marx: Analysis and Application Friedrich Engels and Marxian Political Economy Essays on Classical and Marxian Political Economy John Stuart Mill: Political Economist A History of Utilitarian Ethics, 1700-1875: Studies in Private Motivation and Distributive Justice Immanuel Kant and Utilitarian Ethics    

Immanuel Kant and Utilitarian Ethics

Publisher: Routledge
Date: 2022
Pages: 224
Adopting a view of utilitarian ethics in which motivation in the public interest takes on greater weight than is generally appreciated, this book explores the extent to which the philosophy of Immanuel Kant is consistent with this nuanced version of utilitarianism.

Kant's requirement that full ethical merit needs an agent to act purely 'from duty' to forward 'the universal end of happiness' rather than from a personal inclination to achieve that end clearly distinguishes his position from the version of utilitarian ethics adopted here. But this book also argues that Kant's approval of a secondary category of conduct - conduct 'in conformity with' duty - entailing other-regarding or 'sympathetic' motivation to advance general happiness, differs from the utilitarian position only in its meriting a qualified degree of ethical credit. After comparing Kant's position with those of eighteenth-century utilitarian writers from Locke to Bentham, the book evaluates reactions to Kant by J.S. Mill and Karl Marx and proposes Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592) as a 'precursor' for maintaining a 'Kantian' doctrine of conduct 'from duty' and for other shared features. In terms of public policy, the work demonstrates Kant's justification of poor relief and reduced inequality, his proposal for a state education plan, and his opposition to paternalism.